What Does The Bible Say About Celebrating Holidays?

by Hyacinth

In the tapestry of human existence, holidays serve as vibrant threads that weave together the fabric of cultural, social, and religious expression. For many, these special occasions are imbued with a sense of joy, tradition, and communal celebration. However, for individuals whose compass is guided by the teachings of the Bible, a critical inquiry arises: What does the Bible say about celebrating holidays?

Setting the Foundation: Theological Framework

To delve into the biblical perspective on holidays, one must navigate the rich theological landscape of the Scriptures. Central to this exploration is the understanding that the Bible is a compilation of diverse texts, spanning different historical periods, cultural contexts, and literary genres. As such, a nuanced approach is required to discern the underlying principles that may guide believers in their engagement with holidays.

1. Sabbath as a Prototype

At the heart of the biblical narrative lies the concept of the Sabbath—a weekly day of rest and worship. The Fourth Commandment, found in Exodus 20:8-11, establishes the Sabbath as a sacred day: “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.” This foundational directive underscores the importance of setting aside time for rest and worship, laying the groundwork for a biblical understanding of holidays.

2. Feasts and Festivals in the Old Testament

The Old Testament introduces a tapestry of feasts and festivals, each carrying specific religious and cultural significance. Passover, Pentecost, and the Feast of Tabernacles are among the prescribed observances outlined in the Mosaic law. These celebrations served not only as occasions for communal worship but also as reminders of God’s faithfulness, deliverance, and provision.

New Testament Perspectives: Christ-Centered Celebrations

As the biblical narrative unfolds into the New Testament, a transformative shift occurs with the advent of Jesus Christ. The teachings of Jesus and the apostles provide a lens through which believers can interpret the significance of celebrations in light of the Gospel.

1. Christian Liberty and Cultural Observances

The apostle Paul, in his letters, addresses the issue of observing special days and festivals. In Romans 14:5-6, he emphasizes the freedom of conscience regarding the observance of certain days: “One person esteems one day as better than another, while another esteems all days alike. Each one should be fully convinced in his own mind. The one who observes the day, observes it in honor of the Lord.”

This passage underscores the principle of Christian liberty, allowing believers the freedom to choose whether or not to observe specific days, provided their motivations align with honoring the Lord.

2. The Christian Calendar and Advent

Within the Christian tradition, the liturgical calendar serves as a guide for the observance of various seasons and feasts. Advent, a season of expectant waiting and preparation for the celebration of the birth of Jesus, exemplifies a Christ-centered approach to holidays. The anticipation and reflection during Advent emphasize the spiritual significance of celebrations, fostering a deeper connection with the redemptive narrative.

Potential Pitfalls: Cautionary Notes from Scripture

While the Bible provides a framework for understanding and engaging with holidays, it also offers cautionary notes to guide believers away from potential pitfalls.

1. Idolatry and Worldly Entanglements

Scripture repeatedly warns against the dangers of idolatry and becoming entangled in worldly practices. The apostle John, in 1 John 5:21, exhorts believers to guard themselves from idols: “Little children, keep yourselves from idols.” This caution extends to the way holidays are celebrated, emphasizing the need for discernment and adherence to biblical principles.

2. Balancing Joy and Sobriety

In the midst of celebrations, the Bible encourages believers to maintain a balance between joy and sobriety. Ecclesiastes 7:2 reminds us, “It is better to go to the house of mourning than to go to the house of feasting, for this is the end of all mankind, and the living will lay it to heart.” This wisdom literature underscores the importance of reflection and mindfulness even in times of celebration.


In navigating the complex terrain of holidays from a biblical perspective, it becomes evident that the Scriptures provide a nuanced framework rather than a rigid set of rules. The foundational principles of rest, worship, and remembrance laid out in the Old Testament find resonance in the New Testament through the transformative lens of the Gospel.

Believers are encouraged to exercise Christian liberty in their observance of holidays, guided by a commitment to honor the Lord and avoid potential pitfalls such as idolatry and worldly entanglements. The Christian calendar, with its focus on Christ-centered celebrations, offers a practical avenue for aligning festivities with the redemptive narrative.

Ultimately, a thoughtful and prayerful approach is key to celebrating holidays in a manner that reflects biblical principles. As believers engage with the rich tapestry of cultural and religious expressions woven into holidays, they are called to embody the grace and love exemplified by Jesus Christ, making each celebration an opportunity to glorify God and draw nearer to the heart of the Gospel.

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