Understanding the First Saturday Devotion: A Profound Act of Faith

by Hyacinth

In the rich tapestry of Catholic devotions, the First Saturday Devotion stands out as a profound expression of faith and devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary. Rooted in the Marian apparitions at Fatima in the early 20th century, this devotion holds a special place in the hearts of many Catholics worldwide. In this article, we delve into the significance, history, and practices of the First Saturday Devotion, exploring its spiritual depths and enduring relevance in contemporary Catholicism.

Origins and Significance

The First Saturday Devotion finds its origins in the Marian apparitions that occurred in Fatima, Portugal, in 1917. According to the accounts of three shepherd children—Lucia dos Santos and her cousins Francisco and Jacinta Marto—the Virgin Mary appeared to them on six occasions between May and October of that year. Among the messages conveyed during these apparitions was a call for repentance, prayer, and devotion to her Immaculate Heart as a means to bring about peace and salvation for humanity.

In one of these apparitions, which took place on July 13, 1917, the Virgin Mary reportedly revealed a specific request known as the “Five First Saturdays” devotion. She asked Lucia to propagate this devotion to make reparation for the offenses committed against her Immaculate Heart. The essence of the devotion involves participating in the following activities on the first Saturday of five consecutive months:

1. Confession: The devout are encouraged to make a sacramental confession to cleanse their souls and reconcile with God.

2. Communion: Participants are asked to receive Holy Communion in a state of grace.

3. Recitation of the Rosary: Devotees are to pray the Rosary, meditating on its mysteries, to honor the Blessed Virgin Mary.

4. Fifteen-minute Meditation: A period of meditation on the mysteries of the Rosary, intended to console the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

5. The intention of making reparation: The devotion emphasizes the act of making amends for the offenses against the Virgin Mary’s Immaculate Heart.

This devotion, rooted in the Fatima apparitions, is seen as a response to Mary’s call for repentance, prayer, and conversion, aiming to bring about spiritual renewal and the salvation of souls. It is believed that by fulfilling these requests, individuals can contribute to the realization of Mary’s promise of peace and the conversion of sinners.

Spiritual Themes and Symbolism

At its core, the First Saturday Devotion embodies several spiritual themes and symbols deeply ingrained in Catholic theology and devotion. These themes include:

1. Reparation: Central to the First Saturday Devotion is the concept of reparation, the act of making amends or offering consolation for offenses committed. Participants engage in acts of penance, such as confession and meditation, to atone for the sins that have wounded the Heart of Mary and contributed to the world’s spiritual malaise.

2. Immaculate Heart of Mary: The devotion underscores the significance of Mary’s Immaculate Heart, symbolizing her purity, love, and compassion. By honoring her Heart through prayer and acts of devotion, believers seek to draw closer to Mary and emulate her virtues, thus deepening their relationship with Christ.

3. Conversion and Salvation: Through the First Saturday Devotion, Mary calls for the conversion of sinners and the salvation of souls. By participating in the prescribed activities with sincerity and devotion, individuals are invited to turn away from sin, embrace the Gospel message, and strive for holiness in their lives.

4. Communion with Christ: The reception of Holy Communion is a central aspect of the devotion, highlighting the believer’s desire for intimate union with Christ. By partaking in the Eucharist worthily, participants receive grace and strength to persevere in their spiritual journey and live according to the teachings of the Church.

5. Prayer and Contemplation: The devotion emphasizes the importance of prayer, particularly the recitation of the Rosary and meditation on its mysteries. These practices foster a deepening of one’s spiritual life, leading to a greater understanding of God’s will and a more profound love for Mary and Jesus.

Practice and Implementation

Implementing the First Saturday Devotion in one’s spiritual life requires commitment, perseverance, and a genuine desire for personal and communal renewal. While the devotion’s specific practices are prescribed for the first Saturday of five consecutive months, individuals are encouraged to continue these practices beyond the initial period, integrating them into their ongoing spiritual routine.

To engage in the First Saturday Devotion effectively, one should:

1. Prepare in advance: Arrange to receive the sacrament of confession, examine one’s conscience, and resolve to make a sincere confession of sins.

2. Participate in Mass and Holy Communion: Attend Mass on the first Saturday of the month and receive the Eucharist with reverence and devotion.

3. Pray the Rosary: Dedicate time to pray the Rosary, contemplating its mysteries and entrusting one’s intentions to the intercession of Mary.

4. Meditate on the mysteries: Set aside a period for silent meditation, reflecting on the mysteries of the Rosary and seeking to console the Heart of Mary.

5. Make acts of reparation: Offer prayers and sacrifices as acts of reparation for the offenses committed against the Immaculate Heart of Mary and the Sacred Heart of Jesus.

By faithfully observing the First Saturday Devotion, believers align themselves with Mary’s call for repentance, prayer, and conversion, contributing to the realization of her promises and the triumph of her Immaculate Heart.

Contemporary Relevance

Despite the passage of time since the Fatima apparitions, the message and practices of the First Saturday Devotion remain relevant and impactful in contemporary Catholicism. In a world marked by spiritual challenges, moral ambiguities, and societal unrest, the devotion offers a beacon of hope, inviting believers to respond to Mary’s call for prayer, penance, and reconciliation.

Moreover, the devotion serves as a reminder of the enduring presence and maternal care of Mary in the life of the Church and the world. In times of personal struggle, societal upheaval, or global crises, Catholics can turn to Mary, seeking her intercession and guidance in navigating the complexities of life with faith and courage.


In conclusion, the First Saturday Devotion stands as a profound expression of faith, devotion, and love for the Blessed Virgin Mary. Rooted in the Fatima apparitions and imbued with rich spiritual symbolism, this devotion continues to inspire and uplift believers, calling them to embrace the path of repentance, prayer, and conversion. As Catholics engage in the practices of the First Saturday Devotion, they bear witness to their enduring commitment to Mary’s Immaculate Heart and their steadfast hope in her promise of peace and salvation for all humanity.


1. What is the meaning of the first Saturday?

The term “First Saturday” typically refers to a devotion in Catholicism associated with the Blessed Virgin Mary. It originates from the messages conveyed by Our Lady of Fatima to the three shepherd children in Portugal in 1917. The First Saturday devotion entails honoring Mary’s request for reparation and repentance on the first Saturday of five consecutive months. It symbolizes devotion to Mary’s Immaculate Heart and aims to console her for the offenses committed against her. It involves attending Mass, receiving communion, reciting the Rosary, and meditating on the mysteries of the Rosary, all with the intention of making amends for sins and promoting peace.

2. What is the first holy Saturday devotion?

The First Holy Saturday devotion specifically refers to the first Saturday of the month observed within Catholicism. It holds significance in the context of devotion to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, which involves acts of reparation and consolation for the sorrows endured by Mary. This devotion is intertwined with the First Saturday devotion as outlined in the messages of Our Lady of Fatima. It emphasizes prayer, repentance, and devotion to Mary’s Immaculate Heart as a means of seeking divine mercy and promoting spiritual growth.

3. How do I practice my first Saturday devotion?

To practice the First Saturday devotion, one typically follows a specific set of practices outlined by Mary in her apparitions at Fatima. This involves:

Attending Mass and receiving communion with the intention of making reparation for sins.

Reciting the Rosary (five decades) with meditation on its mysteries.

Spending 15 minutes in meditation on additional Rosary mysteries to further console the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

Offering these prayers and acts of devotion in the spirit of reparation and conversion, with the intention of bringing peace to the world.

Confessing and receiving absolution within a reasonable time frame, preferably within eight days before or after the First Saturday.

Adhering to these practices with sincerity and devotion fulfills the requirements of the First Saturday devotion and contributes to the spiritual journey of the faithful.

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