The Catholic Advent Season: All You Need To Know

by Hyacinth

The Catholic Advent season marks the beginning of the liturgical year and is a period of spiritual preparation and anticipation for the celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ at Christmas. With its rich traditions and symbolism, Advent invites believers to reflect on the profound significance of Christ’s coming into the world and to prepare their hearts to receive Him anew. In this article, we will delve into the origins, customs, and spiritual significance of the Catholic Advent season, exploring its timeless relevance in the life of the Church and the faithful.

Origins and Meaning

The word “Advent” is derived from the Latin word “adventus,” meaning “coming” or “arrival.” Historically, Advent emerged in the Western Church during the late fourth or early fifth century as a period of fasting and preparation for the feast of the Nativity. Over time, the liturgical observance of Advent evolved to encompass four weeks, beginning on the Sunday closest to the feast of St. Andrew (November 30) and concluding on Christmas Eve.

At its core, Advent serves as a dual reminder: of the longing of the Old Testament prophets for the coming of the Messiah and of the anticipation of Christ’s second coming in glory at the end of time. Thus, Advent is imbued with a sense of hope, expectation, and vigilance, calling believers to prepare themselves spiritually for the coming of the Lord.

Liturgical Observance

The liturgical color of Advent is violet, symbolizing penance, preparation, and royalty. This color is also used during Lent, underscoring the penitential character of both seasons. However, Advent is distinct in its focus on joyful expectation rather than solemn repentance, as it heralds the imminent arrival of the Savior.

Each Sunday of Advent is marked by the lighting of candles on an Advent wreath—a circular arrangement of evergreen branches adorned with four candles, typically three purple and one rose, arranged around a central white candle known as the Christ candle. The progressive lighting of these candles symbolizes the increasing brightness of Christ’s light dispelling the darkness of sin and ignorance.

The themes of each Sunday are reflected in the readings and prayers of the liturgy. The first Sunday of Advent emphasizes watchfulness and readiness for the Lord’s coming, while the second Sunday focuses on the preaching of John the Baptist, urging repentance and conversion. The third Sunday, known as Gaudete Sunday (from the Latin word for “rejoice”), invites believers to rejoice in the nearness of Christ’s birth, symbolized by the lighting of the rose-colored candle. Finally, the fourth Sunday highlights the role of Mary in the Incarnation and calls attention to the humility and obedience exemplified in her fiat.

Symbols and Customs

In addition to the Advent wreath, various symbols and customs are associated with the season of Advent. The Advent calendar, originating in Germany in the 19th century, is a popular way for families to count down the days until Christmas, often featuring small doors or compartments hiding treats or religious images.

The Jesse tree, another beloved Advent tradition, traces the genealogy of Jesus through symbols or ornaments representing key figures and events from salvation history. Beginning with the creation of the world, the Jesse tree provides a visual representation of the lineage of Christ, culminating in His birth in Bethlehem.

Nativity scenes, or crèches, are also prominently displayed in homes and churches during Advent, depicting the scene of Christ’s birth with figures of the Holy Family, angels, shepherds, and the Magi. The gradual addition of these figures throughout Advent serves as a visual reminder of the approaching feast of Christmas and the culmination of God’s plan of salvation.

Spiritual Practices

As a season of preparation, Advent invites believers to engage in spiritual practices that foster a deeper encounter with Christ. These may include increased prayer, fasting, almsgiving, and participation in the sacraments, particularly the sacrament of reconciliation. By turning away from sin and opening their hearts to God’s grace, believers prepare themselves to receive Christ more fully into their lives.

Advent is also a time of heightened spiritual awareness and attentiveness to the signs of Christ’s presence in the world. Through acts of charity and kindness, believers become instruments of God’s love and mercy, bearing witness to the light of Christ in a world often overshadowed by darkness and despair.


In conclusion, the Catholic Advent season is a sacred time of preparation and anticipation, inviting believers to journey toward the celebration of Christ’s birth with hearts filled with hope and joy. Through its rich traditions, symbols, and spiritual practices, Advent reminds us of the profound mystery of the Incarnation and calls us to respond with faith and love to the coming of our Savior. As we await the birth of Christ anew each year, may we embrace the grace of this holy season and prepare the way for the Lord in our lives and in the world.


1. What are the 4 themes of Advent Catholic?

The four themes of Advent in the Catholic tradition are Hope, Peace, Joy, and Love. These themes represent the anticipation and preparation for the coming of Jesus Christ. Each week of Advent typically focuses on one of these themes, guiding believers through reflection and prayer as they prepare their hearts for the celebration of Christ’s birth at Christmas.

2. What is the purpose of the Advent?

The purpose of Advent is multifaceted. Primarily, it serves as a period of preparation and anticipation for the celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ. It’s a time for reflection, repentance, and spiritual renewal as believers await the coming of Christ, not only in remembrance of his historical birth but also in anticipation of his promised return. Additionally, Advent encourages believers to focus on the spiritual significance of Christmas rather than solely on the material aspects of the holiday season.

3. What is an example of an Advent devotional?

An example of an Advent devotional is “Advent and Christmas Wisdom From St. Francis of Assisi” by John Kruse. This devotional draws inspiration from the writings and teachings of St. Francis of Assisi, offering daily reflections, prayers, and meditations for each day of Advent and Christmas. It aims to guide readers in deepening their spiritual journey during the Advent season by reflecting on the humility, simplicity, and joy exemplified by St. Francis and the Nativity story. Such devotionals help individuals connect more deeply with the spiritual essence of Advent and prepare their hearts for the celebration of Christ’s birth.

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