The Significance of Advent: Symbolism, Themes & Practices

by Hyacinth

As the year draws to a close and the holiday season approaches, many Christian communities worldwide observe a period of spiritual preparation known as Advent. This sacred time, marked by anticipation and reflection, holds profound significance within the Christian faith. Rooted in ancient tradition and encompassing themes of hope, joy, love, and peace, Advent serves as a time of profound spiritual renewal and preparation for the celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ. In this article, we delve into the origins, practices, and significance of Advent, exploring why it holds such importance for believers around the globe.

Origins of Advent: Tracing Back the Tradition

The word “Advent” derives from the Latin word “adventus,” meaning “coming” or “arrival.” Its roots can be traced back to early Christian practices, although the specific observance of Advent as a distinct liturgical season evolved over time. Historically, Advent served as a period of preparation for the celebration of Epiphany, the manifestation of Christ to the Gentiles, as well as for the Second Coming of Christ.

The earliest recorded references to a preparatory period before Christmas date back to the fourth and fifth centuries in Gaul (modern-day France) and Spain. However, it wasn’t until the Middle Ages that Advent became more widely established as a distinct season in the liturgical calendar.

During this period, Advent was characterized by fasting and penance, akin to the Lenten season preceding Easter. Over time, the focus shifted from penitence to joyful anticipation of the coming of Christ, particularly his Nativity. By the sixth century, Advent had become a season of preparation not only for Christ’s birth but also for his Second Coming.

The Advent Wreath: Symbolism and Tradition

One of the most recognizable symbols of Advent is the Advent wreath. Originating in medieval Germany, the Advent wreath has become a cherished tradition in many Christian households and congregations worldwide.

Typically made of evergreen branches, the circular shape of the wreath symbolizes eternity and the everlasting love of God. The wreath is adorned with four candles, each representing one of the four weeks of Advent. Three of these candles are usually purple, symbolizing penance, preparation, and royalty, while the fourth candle, lit on the third Sunday of Advent, is pink or rose, symbolizing joy.

Each week of Advent, one additional candle is lit, signifying the increasing light of Christ coming into the world. The progressive lighting of the candles corresponds to the growing anticipation and hopefulness as Christmas draws near.

Themes of Advent: Hope, Joy, Love, and Peace

Central to the observance of Advent are the themes of hope, joy, love, and peace, which are symbolized by the four candles of the Advent wreath.

1. Hope: The first candle, often called the “Prophet’s Candle,” represents hope and anticipation. It serves as a reminder of the hope that Christ’s coming brings to the world, fulfilling the prophecies of the Old Testament and offering salvation to humanity.

2. Joy: The second candle, sometimes known as the “Bethlehem Candle” or “Candle of Preparation,” represents joy. It commemorates the joyous anticipation of the birth of Jesus Christ, the long-awaited Messiah who brings light and salvation to the world.

3. Love: The third candle, often called the “Shepherd’s Candle” or “Candle of Joy,” represents love. It reminds believers of God’s boundless love for humanity, demonstrated through the gift of his Son, Jesus Christ. This candle is typically pink or rose, symbolizing the joy that love brings to the world.

4. Peace: The fourth candle, known as the “Angel’s Candle” or “Candle of Peace,” represents peace. It signifies the peace that Christ brings to the hearts of believers and the reconciliation between God and humanity that his birth inaugurates.

These themes permeate the season of Advent, guiding believers in their spiritual preparation and fostering a deeper understanding of the significance of Christ’s coming.

Advent Practices: Prayer, Scripture, and Reflection

Throughout Advent, believers engage in a variety of spiritual practices to prepare their hearts and minds for the celebration of Christmas. These may include:

1. Prayer: Advent is a time of heightened prayer and contemplation, as believers reflect on the meaning of Christ’s coming and their own spiritual journey. Many churches offer special Advent prayers and devotions, and individuals and families may incorporate Advent prayers into their daily routines.

2. Scripture Reading: The readings assigned for each Sunday of Advent focus on the prophetic promises of the Messiah’s coming and the events leading up to the Nativity. Believers often follow Advent reading plans or engage in Lectio Divina, a spiritual practice of meditative reading and reflection on Scripture.

3. Reflection and Meditation: Advent encourages introspection and self-examination as believers prepare to welcome Christ into their lives anew. Reflection may take the form of journaling, silent meditation, or participating in Advent retreats or study groups.

By immersing themselves in these practices, believers seek to deepen their faith, cultivate a spirit of expectancy, and prepare their hearts to receive the gift of Christ with joy and gratitude.

The Advent Season: A Counter-Cultural Invitation

In a world marked by busyness, consumerism, and distractions, the observance of Advent offers a counter-cultural invitation to slow down, reflect, and prioritize the spiritual dimension of Christmas. Amidst the hustle and bustle of holiday preparations, Advent calls believers to focus on what truly matters—the coming of Christ into the world and into their lives.

By intentionally setting aside time for prayer, Scripture reading, and reflection, believers can reorient their hearts and minds toward the true meaning of Christmas, finding hope, joy, love, and peace in the midst of the chaos.

Moreover, Advent serves as a reminder of the ongoing presence of Christ in the world today and the anticipation of his ultimate return. As believers prepare to celebrate the Incarnation, they also look forward with hope to the fulfillment of God’s kingdom and the restoration of all things in Christ.


In conclusion, Advent holds profound significance within the Christian faith as a time of preparation, anticipation, and spiritual renewal. Rooted in ancient tradition and enriched by centuries of devotion, Advent invites believers to journey through the themes of hope, joy, love, and peace as they prepare to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ.

Through practices such as prayer, Scripture reading, and reflection, believers are invited to cultivate a spirit of expectancy and to open their hearts to the transformative power of Christ’s coming. In the midst of a world marked by chaos and uncertainty, Advent offers a beacon of hope, reminding believers of God’s faithfulness and the promise of redemption found in the birth of his Son.

As we enter into this sacred season, may we embrace the spirit of Advent with reverence and joy, eagerly awaiting the coming of Christ and the light that he brings into the world.

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