What Christmas Tells Us According to the Bible: A Biblical Guide

by Hyacinth

Christmas, an annual celebration observed worldwide, marks the birth of Jesus Christ, a pivotal event in Christianity. While the modern festivities often involve traditions, folklore, and commercialism, the essence of Christmas finds its roots in the biblical narrative. Exploring the Scriptures unveils profound insights into the significance of Christmas, shedding light on its theological, historical, and spiritual dimensions.

The Prophecy of the Messiah

Centuries before the birth of Jesus, the Old Testament prophets foretold the coming of a Messiah who would bring salvation and redemption to humanity. Among these prophecies, Isaiah 7:14 stands out: “Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.” This prophecy, often cited during the Christmas season, anticipates the miraculous birth of Jesus to a virgin, signifying his divine nature and mission.

The Birth of Jesus in Bethlehem

The Gospel accounts of Matthew and Luke provide detailed narratives of the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem. According to Matthew 1:18-25, an angel appears to Joseph in a dream, affirming the miraculous conception of Jesus by the Holy Spirit and instructing him to name the child Jesus, which means “God saves.” This account emphasizes Jesus’ lineage from King David, fulfilling the Messianic prophecy. In Luke 2:1-20, the birth of Jesus is accompanied by angelic announcements to shepherds, proclaiming “good news that will cause great joy for all the people,” emphasizing the universal significance of Christ’s birth.

The Incarnation: God With Us

Central to the Christmas narrative is the doctrine of the Incarnation, the belief that the eternal Son of God took on human flesh and entered into the world as Jesus Christ. The Gospel of John describes this profound mystery: “The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us” (John 1:14). Christmas celebrates the profound truth that in Jesus, God became fully human while remaining fully divine, bridging the gap between humanity and divinity.

The Significance of the Manger

The humble setting of Jesus’ birth in a manger holds deep theological significance. Luke 2:7 recounts, “She wrapped him in cloths and placed him in a manger because there was no guest room available for them.” This humble beginning underscores Jesus’ identification with the poor, marginalized, and downtrodden, foreshadowing his ministry to the oppressed and his message of social justice and compassion.

The Visit of the Magi

The Gospel of Matthew records the visit of the Magi, or wise men, from the East, who followed a star to worship the newborn King of the Jews. Their journey symbolizes the universal scope of Christ’s kingship and the inclusion of Gentiles in God’s redemptive plan. The gifts they bring—gold, frankincense, and myrrh—carry symbolic significance, representing Jesus’ kingship, priesthood, and sacrificial death.

The Flight to Egypt

Following the Magi’s visit, Joseph receives a warning in a dream to flee to Egypt to escape King Herod’s wrath. This event fulfills the prophecy: “Out of Egypt I called my son” (Matthew 2:15), echoing the Exodus narrative and highlighting Jesus’ role as the ultimate deliverer and redeemer. The flight to Egypt also emphasizes Jesus’ identification with the oppressed and marginalized, foreshadowing his ministry to the outcasts and his solidarity with those who suffer.

The Fulfillment of Prophecy

Throughout the Christmas narrative, numerous Old Testament prophecies find fulfillment in the person and work of Jesus Christ. From his miraculous conception to his birth in Bethlehem, from the homage of the Magi to the flight to Egypt, the events surrounding Jesus’ birth validate his identity as the promised Messiah. Christmas serves as a reminder of God’s faithfulness to his covenant promises and his sovereign plan of redemption.

The Gift of Salvation

Ultimately, the heart of the Christmas message is the gift of salvation offered through Jesus Christ. As the angel proclaims to the shepherds, “Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you; he is the Messiah, the Lord” (Luke 2:11). Christmas celebrates the incarnation of God’s love and grace, as expressed in the person of Jesus Christ, who came to seek and save the lost, to reconcile humanity to God, and to inaugurate the kingdom of God on earth.


In conclusion, the biblical narrative of Christmas offers profound insights into the significance of this sacred season. From the prophecy of the Messiah to the humble birth in Bethlehem, from the visit of the Magi to the flight to Egypt, every aspect of the Christmas story points to the central truth of Christianity: the incarnation of Jesus Christ, the Son of God and Savior of the world. As we celebrate Christmas each year, may we be reminded of the profound mystery and profound significance of God’s love revealed in Jesus Christ, Immanuel, “God with us.”

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