A Guide to Selecting the Perfect Reading for Christmas

by Hyacinth

Christmas, the celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ, holds significant spiritual and cultural importance for millions around the world. Central to this celebration is the reading of the gospel narratives, which recount the events surrounding the Nativity. However, with four canonical gospels to choose from—Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John—selecting the most appropriate passage for the occasion can be a daunting task. In this guide, we delve into the distinctive features of each gospel and offer insights to help you make an informed decision on which gospel to read at Christmas.

Understanding the Gospels: An Overview

Before delving into the specifics of each gospel, it’s essential to grasp the unique perspectives and themes that characterize them.

1. Matthew: The Gospel of Fulfillment

The Gospel of Matthew opens with a genealogy tracing Jesus’s lineage back to Abraham, emphasizing his connection to the promises made to the Jewish patriarchs. Matthew’s narrative often highlights Jesus as the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies, presenting him as the long-awaited Messiah. The infancy narrative in Matthew includes the visit of the Magi, symbolizing the universality of Christ’s kingship, and the flight to Egypt to escape Herod’s massacre of the innocents. Matthew’s gospel also emphasizes Jesus’s teachings, including the Sermon on the Mount, which lays out the ethical principles of the kingdom of God.

Reading from Matthew at Christmas can emphasize the fulfillment of divine promises and the universal significance of Christ’s birth.

2. Mark: The Gospel of Action

Mark’s Gospel is characterized by its brevity and focus on action. It begins abruptly with the ministry of John the Baptist and moves swiftly through Jesus’s baptism, temptation in the wilderness, and the calling of the disciples. Mark’s narrative style is dynamic, portraying Jesus as a man of action, constantly on the move and engaged in ministry. The birth of Jesus is not detailed in Mark’s Gospel, as it begins with Jesus’s adult ministry. However, Mark’s account of Jesus’s teachings, miracles, and ultimately, his sacrificial death and resurrection, highlights the central themes of discipleship and the kingdom of God.

While Mark’s Gospel does not include a specific Nativity narrative, readings from Mark can focus on the urgency of Jesus’s mission and the call to discipleship.

3. Luke: The Gospel of Compassion

Luke’s Gospel is known for its attention to detail and emphasis on compassion and inclusivity. The infancy narrative in Luke is perhaps the most familiar to many, with its depiction of the angelic annunciation to Mary, the journey to Bethlehem, and the humble birth of Jesus in a manger. Luke’s Gospel highlights Jesus’s concern for the marginalized and oppressed, including women, the poor, and outcasts. The parables of the Good Samaritan, the Prodigal Son, and the Pharisee and the Tax Collector illustrate themes of forgiveness, mercy, and the inclusive nature of God’s kingdom.

Reading from Luke at Christmas can emphasize the themes of humility, compassion, and the inclusive nature of God’s love.

4. John: The Gospel of Divine Identity

John’s Gospel stands apart with its unique theological perspective and emphasis on Jesus’s divine identity. Unlike the Synoptic Gospels, John’s narrative begins with a poetic prologue affirming Jesus as the eternal Word of God who became flesh and dwelt among us. While John’s Gospel does not include a detailed Nativity narrative, it contains rich theological reflections on the significance of Jesus’s birth. The famous declaration, “For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son,” encapsulates the central theme of John’s Gospel—God’s self-sacrificial love revealed in Jesus Christ.

Reading from John at Christmas can highlight the profound mystery of the Incarnation and the divine significance of Jesus’s birth.

Choosing the Right Gospel for Your Christmas Celebration

With an understanding of the distinct characteristics of each gospel, the question remains: which gospel should you choose for your Christmas reading? The answer depends on various factors, including the audience, the message you wish to convey, and personal preference. Here are some considerations to help guide your decision:

Audience: Consider the composition of your audience. Are they familiar with the biblical narrative, or are they hearing it for the first time? If your audience includes children or those new to the Christian faith, the simplicity and familiarity of Luke’s Nativity narrative may resonate best. However, if your audience consists of seasoned believers seeking deeper theological insights, readings from John’s Gospel may offer a more profound reflection on the mystery of the Incarnation.

Message: What message do you hope to convey through your Christmas reading? Each gospel highlights different aspects of Jesus’s identity and mission. If you wish to emphasize Jesus as the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies, Matthew’s Gospel may be most appropriate. For a focus on Jesus’s compassionate ministry and concern for the marginalized, Luke’s Gospel is an excellent choice. If you seek to explore the profound theological implications of the Incarnation, John’s Gospel offers rich material for reflection.

Personal Preference: Ultimately, your personal connection to a particular gospel may influence your decision. Perhaps you have a favorite gospel that has shaped your spiritual journey or holds special significance in your life. Choosing a gospel that resonates with you personally can enhance the authenticity and sincerity of your Christmas reading.


As you prepare to celebrate Christmas and share the story of Jesus’s birth with others, take time to reflect on the unique perspectives and themes of the four canonical gospels. Whether you choose Matthew’s Gospel of fulfillment, Mark’s Gospel of action, Luke’s Gospel of compassion, or John’s Gospel of divine identity, may your reading illuminate the significance of Christ’s birth and inspire hope, joy, and faith in all who hear it.

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